Michael guided our reflections as we explored Craving and Clinging, the next links in the chain of Dependent Arising. Here we enter the real thicket of what makes for unsatisfactoriness in life. The Buddha went well beyond the usual commonplaces here, distinguishing three different kinds of craving, and four distinct types of clinging. Not only do we often not see these subtler developments, but once we do see them, we realize that we’ve been trying to cure one kind of suffering by introducing another. How, then, to move beyond all of them?
Paticca Samuppada, here translated Dependent Arising, is also often translated as Inter-Dependent Co-Origination, Dependent Origination, Inter-Dependent Co-Arising, etc., etc.
Since we are exploring the Buddha’s key teaching of Dependent Arising at a number of our meetings, it may be of some use to those who wish to re-trace the ground or explore more widely, to have some reliable guides at hand.
The Wikipedia article offers a standard overview of the 12 nidanas
One of the several places that the chain of Dependent Arising is given in full in the canon is in the Maha-nidana Sutta: The Great Causes Discourse, in the Digha Nikaya #15, pts D ii 55
IMS teacher Nikki Mighafori’s hour long talk on Dependent Origination covers all 12 nidanas sequentially, and can be found at http://dharmaseed.org/teacher/555/talk/21420/
An in-depth view, including considerable quotation from many suttas, plus explanation and commentary, can be found in Ajahn Thanissaro’s book “The Shape of Suffering,” offered in its entirety on line at
To request a printed copy of this book, please write to: Metta Forest Monastery, P.O. Box 1409, Valley Center, CA 92082, USA.